What Is Type 1 DiabetesWritten by sudarshangk
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Type 1 diabetes is an ailment wherein, the blood sugar level of the person suffering from this disease increases more than the normal level. Type 1 Diabetes is classified as a genetic disease which is caused by the improper production of insulin in the body leading to the glucose entering the bloodstream. The exact reason for diabetes has not been found out, but experts are of the opinion that it is a genetically transmitted disease which is triggered by an infection. The infection leads to improper functioning of the pancreas, thereby, causing a drop in production of insulin and consequent increase in blood glucose level.
The main symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes are frequent urination, increased thirst and sudden weight loss. In some people, a significant increase in hunger is also reported. The breath odor also changes and blurred vision is also experienced in people who reach the later stages of Type 1 Diabetes. Stomach pain, nausea and vomiting too are seen in such people over a period of time. However, since these kinds of symptoms can be seen in other ailments too, it is important that the right kind of diagnosis is sought for before going for any treatment options.
The diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes includes glucose level test and oral glucose tolerance tests as the main methods. In some patients, the hemoglobin A1C test is also conducted to confirm the presence of the ailment. Ketone tests are also performed to determine the level of ketoacedosis that develops in some patients who suffer from diabetes.
The treatment for Type 1 Diabetes includes the intake of right amount of insulin everyday under doctor’s supervision to ensure that the excess glucose in the bloodstream gets back into the cells. However, it is to be noted that the one needs to have knowledge about the adjustment that needs to be done with the amount of insulin that he intakes when he is sick, travelling or exercising to ensure that the blood sugar level does not fall rapidly due to excess intake. Also, maintaining a balanced diet is the key to keep the ailment under control. People with diabetes are more at risk of heart related ailments; therefore, making it necessary for them to exercise regularly to avoid complications of any kind.
A person can keep a check over his blood sugar level with the help of the device called glucometer. Since people with Type 1 Diabetes do not feel the pressure on their feet and experience numbness at times, it is important to give more importance to foot care by wearing shoes with good cushioning to avoid infections of any kind due to bruises that go unnoticed in the initial stage.