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What is Intravenous Piggyback

Written by Harpreet

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An intravenous piggyback is a technique in which there is administer of medication into the body of a patient. This medication can be a medicine which is diluted or any energy giving solution which will help in faster recovery of a patient. To do this an intravenous line is inserted into patient vein through needle. After the tube is inserted the needle is taken out but tube remains in the vein. This tube administer substances directly in to the blood stream and it is helpful in intravenous therapy which involves the injection of fluids directly into veins, in comparison to other methods, by using IV therapy medicine can reach quickly to heart and circulate at faster rate in the body.


IV fluids can deliver nutrients and water to the body. This therapy is also useful in:-

Controlling the blood pressure. Increasing the blood sugar level for curing drop of blood pressure. Emergency delivery of drugs. In case of blood loss, blood and plasma can be transfused through it.

Today modern IV systems use a small catheter which is a hollow tube made of plastic or rubber and it contains a needle, this catheter deliver or removes fluids into or out of body. The needle is taken into the skin and catheter is placed in the skin. After doing this injections or drips are used to deliver fluids in the body.

The medication that is to be administering in the body can be antibiotic and it is mixed with small amount of fluid like normal saline.

IV piggyback is normally used in case of intravenous problems. The main IV solution is below the piggyback.

Instead of using IV fluid piggyback can be infused by providing a saline lock. Saline lock help in preventing blood clot formation. In saline lock catheter is used which is injected in vein and then capped off.

Sometimes there is a need to give different medications to the patient which is not compatible. They should not mix with each other otherwise they will form a crystallize in the tube. To avoid this IVs are cleaned and flushed time to time. The process of flushing can be done by lowering the secondary tube so that main tube can be flushed. If a patient needs different medications at regular intervals then we can use separate lines for each medication to prevent mixing of incompatible medications together.

By using IV piggyback pain of a patient can be reduced because we need not to inject multiple syringes at same time.

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